As a Life member of the NRA, I was recently given the opportunity to offer my family and friends a Life membership for only $300. The normal price for a life membership is $1000. If you are a client of ours and would like to take advantage of this please contact me using the contact form and I will let you know the details. This is a limited time offer so if you are interested let us know soon.
The ATF has recently made a decision to review Trusts for legal sufficiency. While this may slow things down for those using generic trust for NFA purchases (Quicken, Legal Zoom, Gun Store Trusts) I think its a good idea and will protect many from unknowingly violating the NFA.
We have seen several issues where the ATF is declaring trusts to be invalid that are in fact valid under various state laws. They claim they are not practicing law in those states and will not give legal advise. They suggest that you have the trust reviewed by a lawyer to tell you why it is invalid or make changes to the trust to make it valid.
If your trust was rejected by ATF we can help by reviewing and or amending the trust with our network of 75 attorneys in more than 40 states.
Today I received an email from someone who was forming a trust to transfer assets from their father's estate. There were NFA items in the father's estate. The person's estate planning lawyer had advised them that it was OK to transfer NFA firearms to a trust using a general assignment of personal property. A general assignment of personal property is a standard form that transfers all personal property not requiring a deed or special documentation to a trust and is commonly used with a standard revocable living trust.
Unfortunately his lawyer must not have been familiar with the NFA because no one should ever do such a thing. This would be a violation of the National Firearms Act, and subject the individual to confiscation of all firearms, 10 years in jail for each violation, and up to a $250,000 penalty for each violation.
At this time of the year, we are often short of time and rushing to take care of things before the holidays. Before making a mistake with an NFA firearm, learn about them and the additional restrictions placed upon the use, possession, transfer, and purchase of them in your state and around the country.
If you are going to ask a lawyer about an issue involving the NFA, make sure they understand the NFA and what a Title II firearm and Class 3 SOT license are. We all know firearms can be dangerous in the hands of the uneducated, here is an example where the uninformed can cause you a problem.
While ATF has previously stated that a certification of compliance is not necessary for trusts, they have now changed their mind or at lease in some cases. For this reason we are now recommending that you send in the 5330.20 with your Form 4 or Form 1 application to purchase or make a firearm restricted under the NFA.
We will create a sample Form 5330.20 to review. Here is a link to download a Certification of Compliance with 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(5)(B) ATF 5330.20
Does the Definition of Education in Your Firearms and Estate Planning Trust Allow for Firearms Training?
A California Gun and & Trust Lawyer, (not currently a NFA Gun Trust Lawyer®) has written an interesting article on creating language in your trust to specifically permit the trust funds to be used for firearms education and training along with the typical K-12, college, or post-graduate study that most trusts would allow for. After all it was George Washington who said that "firearms deserve a place of honor with all that's good."
David R. Duringer, a firearms trainer, and attorney licensed in CA and WA goes on to state:
Such training can provide your children with the comfort of skill at arms so they can protect themselves and their own children, and furthermore, passes on American values necessary to preserve political independence of families in our society. Other benefits of such training can include increased personal responsibility and lower juvenile delinquency rates.For more information on California Estate Planning Visit David's site or for Florida Estate Planning you can visit my Florida Estate Planning Lawyer Blog or my firm's website on Florida Estate Planning and other topics. If you need help getting in touch with an estate planning lawyer in your state who is firearms friendly just let me know.
You may even want to go further with an incentive trust provision actually requiring this training, possibly with achievement standards.
In a recent decision (US v. Miller), the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals suggested transferring firearms into a trust to resolve an issue involving firearms that were confiscated. The owner of the firearms was not legally able to be in possession and the government was not able to return his firearms because of the felony conviction. In this case, the government failed to institute a forfeiture within the 120 days permitted under 18 U.S.C.924(d)(1).
If the guns were owned in a Firearms Trust prior to the problems, there would be no problem in returning them to the Trust as long as the Trustees were changed to exclude the felon before the return of the firearms.
"GUNPAL, Inc. is a transaction-neutral online payments platform with a philanthropic spirit," announces Founder/CEO Ben Cannon. "It is also the first serious competitor for PayPal Inc."
A percentage of each transaction is donated to a selected charity at no additional cost to the user. The initial list of organizations includes the American Red Cross, American Cancer Society, and the Supercomputing Disease Research Center. Users can also suggest charities for consideration.
An avid supporter of constitutional rights, Cannon created a discrimination-free online payments application, starting with the recognition of the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms.
Prohibited by PayPal's "Acceptable Use Policy", the $3 billion firearms and accessories industry has adopted GUNPAL as the payments platform of choice. "Firearms can only be sold by licensed dealers. GUNPAL is more convenient than other forms of payment as its comprehensive transaction tracking system is secure and reliable for our audits," says Mitchel Chapman of WBtactical.com, a licensed firearms dealer.
An estimated one hundred million firearm owners nationwide now have a platform with which they can trade ammunition, scopes, and other accessories securely and hassle-free. As a socially responsible company, GUNPAL directs its firearm buyers to government documentation on current firearm laws and regulations and will provide licensed dealer listings by buyers' zip codes in a future release. Having dominated the firearms niche, GUNPAL is already targeting other under-served markets with several new projects under way.
With every line of code written in-house, most of the engineering effort has been dedicated to fraud prevention. GUNPAL's unique anti-fraud and anti-phishing systems take a finer-toothed comb through customer data for maximum privacy and security. Reduced fraud cuts operating costs resulting in lower fees for most common transactions as compared to PAYPAL. Cannon's first company, GeoVario, LLC, was the natural choice for web-hosting services.
Founded in 2004, GUNPAL is a transaction-neutral online payment system that allows easy transfer of funds to anyone with an email address. Privately funded, GUNPAL has revolutionized the transfer of money with its pro-constitutional voice, unique anti-fraud approach, and philanthropic spirit. The company is expected to expand its services internationally in the near future.
This weekend I was up in Tennessee for a 2A rally that was sponsored by Barrett firearms. Apparently Mayor Bloomberg has come to Tennessee to declare that acts that are legal in Tennessee and most states are illegal because they end making it easier for New Yorkers to get guns.
There were lots of TV reporters and state officials. I did find it odd, that none of the TV stations covered the 2A aspect and only focused on the New York issue.
While up there I got to see a 50 Cal silencer and took a picture of it next to a 22 silencer for perspective. You would not believe how big the 50 Cal silencer is. I would guess that it was 7-10 lbs.
I just received an email from Wayne LaPierre asking that I let our readers know about a Free Membership in the NRA that they are offering.
This free introductory NRA membership comes with a subscription to our bi-weekly e-newsletter, The NRA Freedom Times, valuable member discounts and free admission to NRA's Annual Show which features over five acres of guns, gear and outfitter displays all for free.
If you know any non NRA members have them sign up for a free membership so that we can all work together to protect our rights.
NFA Firearms (also called Title II Firearms) are guns and other items regulated by the National Firearms Act (the "NFA"). Many people mistakenly refer to them as "Class 3" firearms or weapons. The NFA regulates the sale, use, possession, and transfer of machine guns, short-barreled shotguns and rifles, silencers, destructive devices, and AOWs.
In most states, some or all of these items are LEGAL to own. In addition to state regulation, federal law regulates these items under the NFA. Individuals, business entities, and trusts are permitted to purchase NFA firearms if allowed by state law. To obtain permission to transfer or make these items, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (the "BATFE" or "ATF") requires completion of a Form1 or Form 4 along with payment of $200 for a tax stamp.
While a traditional trust can be used to purchase NFA firearms, there are many problems with using a traditional trust and therefore only an NFA Firearms Trust should be used.
We work with more than 75 lawyers in over 43 states to help individuals and their families educate and protect themselves from unintentional violations of the NFA. The process of creating an NFA Firearms trust involves discussing the client's objectives, determining what and how their family makeup will influence the structure of the trust, as well as trying to limit future legislative and transfer tax risks associated with NFA firearms ownership. Once the trust is designed an attorney who is licensed in the proper state reviews the trust and then forwards the trust to the client. The client reviews the instructions and FAQs and has a phone consultation to discuss any questions or comments on federal and state laws. If necessary, modifications are made, then the all grantors and trustees sign the trust. Once the trust is properly executed, NFA items can be purchased.
No CLEO Signature Required
The ATF requires that all individuals obtain approval from their Chief Law Enforcement Officer (the "CLEO") as part of the application process to obtain a Title II firearm from another individual or Class 3 dealer. Many CLEOs around the country are refusing sign or even acknowledge the ATF Forms. There is no legal remedy in most states to force the review of these forms. If using an NFA Firearms Trust to purchase a weapon, the Form 4 does not require the CLEO's signature.
No Fingerprints or Photographs are Required
When using an NFA Firearms Trust to acquire Title II firearms, no fingerprints or photographs are required. This is a cost savings and can also significantly decrease the time required to take possession of the items. Often fingerprints have to be retaken because they are not acceptable for the FBI's criminal database.
Individuals who submit their ATF forms to their CLEO are often concerned about who will have knowledge of their firearms. They also express concerns that they will come under additional scrutiny because the police will have knowledge that they are in possession of these more restricted firearms. With an NFA Firearms Trust, neither the CLEO nor the police are given notice that you will be in possession of or own the NFA firearms.
If you become incapacitated your family or friends are the ones who step forward to help you. In doing so, they may come in contact with the restricted items and put themselves at risk of violating the NFA without knowledge. An NFA Firearms Trust help protect these individuals from violating the NFA by providing them clear instructions on what they are and are not permitted to do.
When you die your individually owned firearms will be part of your "probate estate." Probate proceedings will be necessary to transfer your guns under your will or to your heirs and are part of the public record. Since a family member or a friend usually handles probate proceedings, it is important not to unknowingly place them at risk of violating the NFA. With an NFA Firearms Trust, your firearms are not subject to probate or public record. Your beneficiaries will be protected because they will receive guidance on how and under what circumstances the items can be legally transferred to others. If you have children, an NFA Firearms Trust has specific provisions to protect them and make sure they do not receive the property if they live in a location where it is illegal to possess NFA firearms, and most importantly they are mature and responsible enough that you would want them to have the firearms.
Co-owners and Authorized Users
If an individual purchases Title II firearms then he or she is the only one permitted to use or have access the firearms. Many people incorrectly believe that it is ok to let others use their NFA firearms when in their presence. However, the NFA would consider this a transfer and be a violation of the law. When your spouse or someone else knows the combination to your firearms safe, you may be violating the restriction on letting others access or possess your firearms. Improper possession through constructive possession is a form of unauthorized possession, and a violation of the NFA. If you use an NFA Firearms Trust to purchase Title II firearms, you can designate additional owners and authorized users. You can eliminate the risk associated with an improper constructive possession with a simple signature authorizing that person to be in legal possession of the items. This can help protect you and your family from the penalties of violating the NFA.
Reducing Risk of Legal Changes
Many groups are attempting to limit the ability to transfer firearms to their family or friends. With an NFA Firearms Trust an adult child, family member, or friend can be made a co-owner of the trust. While the ownership of the NFA Firearms Trust can be changed, the NFA Firearms Trust is still the registered owner of the firearms and no transfer has taken place under the NFA.
Penalties for Violating the National Firearms Act can be Severe.
Each violation of the National Firearms Act subjects the owner to forfeiture of all weapons, 10 years in prison, and fines of up to $250,000. An NFA Firearms Trust provides guidance to the creators, managers, and beneficiaries of the trust to help them avoid violating the NFA.
Benefits of a NFA Firearms Trust Over a Corporation or LLC
Corporations and LLCs have annual fees associated with them. Business entities are not private and much information about the individuals associated with them is contained in public records. Corporations and LLCs have annual state fees and other costs associated with the maintaining of the entity. Often business entities are subject to the requirement to file sales tax and income tax returns. If you already have a business entity that is used to purchase NFA firearms, the business is at risk if the managers or anyone else ever misuse a firearm. Each manager of a corporation of LLC can purchase firearms and subject the entity to the penalties for violating the NFA. To make a change to the people authorized to use, purchase, or possess the firearms, the secretary of state needs to be updated with the changes in the management of the company. This can cost money and take a substantial time to complete. In addition, business entities do not deal with incapacity or death like an NFA Firearms Trust does. Unlike with a corporation or LLC, an NFA Firearms Trust does not require any annual recording fees and documents do not need to be filed with the state. To make a change to an NFA Firearms Trust, one simply amends the trust to change who can use, purchase, or possess the firearms without risk of criminal liability for violating the NFA.
Benefits of a NFA Firearms Trust over a Revocable Trust
There are more than 50 differences between a traditional trusts and an NFA Firearms Trust. Only a few of the issues will be discussed here. Most trusts do not instruct how to purchase, who may use, or who may have access to Title II firearms. They also do not give the people involved with the trust enough information to properly sell or transfer assets. If you become incapacitated, it may be necessary to sell some assets. When you die, these restricted firearms need to be transferred properly. An NFA Firearms trust provides information to determine if:
- it is permissible to transfer the items;
- the items are legal in the state where they will be transferred to;
- the beneficiary is legally able to be in possession of or use the firearms; and most importantly
- the successor trustee is given the ability to determine in their own mind, if the beneficiary is mature and responsible enough to receive the firearms.
A normal trust allows the trust to be revoked even if it's assets become illegal upon revocation. Also a normal trust allows a trustee to resign while they are still in possession of restricted firearms. A trustee may also find that with a normal trust, an agent acting under a power of attorney may take actions that are in violation of the NFA and subject them to criminal penalties.
Most people using traditional trusts purchase NFA firearms incorrectly. They usually purchase them as an individual and then transfer the weapons into the trust. While the ATF may approve a transfer from the dealer to the trust, they never approved an individual transfer from the dealer nor a transfer from the individual to the trust.
Many Free Trusts on the Internet or from other sources have been found to be invalid. Lately we have seen many dealers and manufactures providing trusts to customers or helping them to fill out the trusts in order to purchase firearms. The problem with using an invalid trust or one not signed correctly or at trust that is not complete is that the trust does not exist. If the trust does not exist, even if the ATF approves a transfer to the trust, you will be illegally in possession of the firearm and subject to the penalties of the NFA. Even valid trust have substantial problems with dealing with incapacity, death, and transfer of the firearms as they instruct the trustees to take steps that create liability to the beneficiary put the assets at risk of seizure, and put both the trustee's and beneficiary at risk of the penalties for violating the NFA.
The Supreme Court has recently decided to hear the landmark Second Amendment case of McDonald v. Chicago. This case will address the application of the Second Amendment to the states through either the Due Process clause or the Privileges or Immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case has major implications for the legality of restrictive gun laws not only in Chicago, but also in other cities across the United States. The decision to hear the case, which will be argued early next year, gives Second Amendment advocates across America hope that this fundamental freedom will not be infringed by unreasonable state and local laws.
Previously the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held that the Second Amendment does not apply to state and local governments. That opinion left in place the current ban on the possession of handguns in Chicago.
Many legal scholars believe that the Seventh Circuit should have followed the lead of the earlier Ninth Circuit panel decision in Nordyke v. Alameda County, which found that those cases don't prevent the Second Amendment from applying to the states through the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. To the contrary, a proper incorporation analysis supports application of the Second Amendment to the States.
From the NRA:
Despite its very misleading name, this national group of anti-gun mayors has lobbied Congress against national reciprocity of state Right-to-Carry permits, against much-needed reform of the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE), for regulating gun shows out of existence, and for repealing the Tiahrt Amendment that protects the privacy rights of law-abiding gun owners and limits disclosure of sensitive firearm trace data to protect law enforcement personnel and protect lawful gun manufacturers from bogus lawsuits.
You can contact them by using the information provided on this Map. Please call , email and write your mayor today and ask them to support law abiding gun owners by disassociating themselves with Bloomberg and "Mayors Against Illegal Guns"
|Atlantic Beach:||Mayor John S. Meserve|
|Atlantis:||Mayor Manny Fernandez|
|Aventura:||Mayor: Susan Gottlieb|
|Bowling Green:||Mayor Perry Knight|
|Cooper City:||Mayor Debby Eisinger|
|Coral Springs:||Mayor Scott J. Brook|
|Doral:||Mayor Juan Carlos Bermudez|
|El Portal:||Mayor Joyce A. Davis|
|Fernandina Beach:||Mayor Bruce Malcolm|
|Fort Myers:||Mayor Jim Humphrey|
|Greenwood:||Mayor Charles Sanders|
|Hallandale Beach:||Mayor Joy Cooper|
|Haverhill:||Mayor Joseph S. Kroll|
|Hollywood:||Mayor Peter Bober|
|Hypoluxo:||Mayor Kenneth Schultz|
|Jacksonville:||Mayor John Peyton|
|Kenneth City:||Mayor Muriel H. Whitman|
|Keystone Heights:||Mayor Mary Lou Hildreth|
|Largo:||Mayor Patricia Gerard|
|Lauderdale: Lakes||Mayor Barrington Russell|
|Lauderdale-By-The-Sea:||Mayor Roseann Minnet|
|Lauderhill:||Mayor Richard J. Kaplan|
|Malone:||Mayor Gene Wright|
|Miami:||Mayor Manuel Diaz|
|Miami Beach:||Mayor Matti Herrera Bower|
|Miami-Dade County:||Mayor Carlos Alvarez|
|Naples:||Mayor Bill Barnett|
|Neptune Beach:||Mayor Harriet Pruette|
|Newberry:||Mayor John Glanzer|
|Niceville:||Mayor Randall Wise|
|North Miami:||Mayor Andre Pierre|
|North Miami Beach:||Mayor Raymond Marin|
|North Palm Beach:||Mayor David B. Norris|
|Oak Hill:||Mayor Darla Lauer|
|Opa Locka:||Mayor Joseph L. Kelley|
|Orlando:||Mayor Buddy Dyer|
|Ormond Beach:||Mayor Fred Costello|
|Pembroke Park:||Mayor Emma Shoaff|
|Pembroke Pines:||Mayor Frank C. Ortis|
|Pompano Beach:||Mayor Lamar Fisher|
|Port St Lucie:||Mayor Patricia Christensen|
|Tallahassee:||Mayor John Marks III|
|Tamarac:||Mayor Beth Talabisco|
|Tampa:||Mayor Pam Iorio|
|West Palm Beach:||Mayor Lois Frankel|
|Windermere:||Mayor Gary Bruhn|
|Winter Park:||Mayor David C. Strong|
|Boynton:||Mayor Jerry Taylor|
|Dundee:||Mayor Linda Riner-Mizell|
|Madeira Beach:||Mayor Patricia J. Shontz|
|Key West:||Mayor Morgan McPherson|
|Palm Shores:||Mayor Carol McCormack|
|Tarpon Springs:||Mayor Beverly Billiris|
|Winter Springs:||Mayor John F. Bush|
Jacksonville Mayor John Peyton Joined "Mayors Against Illegal Guns" which was founded and funded by the anti-gun Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
The name of the organization is very misleading as the NRA calls the organization a front group to lobby Congress to oppose important pro-gun reforms and support new federal gun control restrictions.
Please email or write Mayor Peyton and ask him to support law-abiding gun owners by publicly disassociating himself with Michael Bloomberg and "Mayors Against Illegal Guns".
While none of us would support illegal guns, this organization is designed to prohibit and restrict legal guns.
117 W. Duval St., Suite 400
Jacksonville, Florida 32202
904-630-1776 and email@example.com
We are honored that AmmoLand has featured the Gun Trust Lawyer® as the blog of the month on their website. To read their review and our responses to their questions please visit their site at
NFA Gun Trust Lawyer® - Featured blog of the month