41F Published: Some Gun Trusts will have problems

41F was published today in the Federal Register.  Here is a Link to 41F as filed which is similar to the draft that has been circulating.

Our Gun Trusts are fully 41P compliant and ready.  If you have a gun trust from a Gun Trust Lawyer® (with our copyright information on it) your trust is fine to use and will not have problems with 41F.

These are the forms to use after July 12th,  Form 1Form 4,   Form 5Form 23

Some people will want to make some changes to their Gun trusts based on the new requirements of 41F.  Contact a Gun Trust Lawyer® to help you amend or amend and restate your current trust to help protect you and your family and deal with 41F in the manner you desire.

Some individuals will want to change their trust to a Gun Trust Lawyer® trust for:

  1. Privacy reasons;
  2. Asset Protection
  3. Protection from having to disclose their Schedule B firearms  or Non NFA firearms to the ATF;
  4. The ability to limit the number of responsible persons;
  5. Multi generational ownership
  6. Proper determination of responsible persons by removing beneficiaries from these who must submit fingerprints;
  7. The ability to clarify who the beneficiaries are to avoid having to submit additional wills or trusts to the ATF;
  8. The ability to easily add and remove trustees or co-trustees or beneficiaries; or to
  9. Clarification on who can use and possess NFA firearms.

41F will become effective 180 days from today or on Wed July 13, 2016.  Applications filed prior to July 13, 2016 will be handled under the old rules and the NICS check requirement.  Applications filed with the ATF after July 13 will have the CLEO notification, fingerprint and photograph requirement for responsible persons.

The biggest change for Gun Trusts and other legal entities between 41P and 41F is the change from the CLEO certification to a CLEO Notification for each responsible person.  In addition ATF significantly limited the definition of a “responsible person” as compared to what was originally presented in 41P.  The CLEO notification in 41F appears to be limited to trustees and co-trustees in most trusts, but can be expanded because of the terms of the trust to also include beneficiaries and others with the ability to manage and possess the NFA firearms.  These changes happened after more than 9500 comments  were received in response to 41P. – For links to the major comments see our 41P page.

The final rule attempts to clarify the definition of “responsible person” for trusts and legal entities but a lot of ambiguity because of the way it that it was written.   While it is clear that a trustee or co-trustee is a responsible person, many other trusts will create responsible parties by giving individuals the power to receive, possess, ship, transport, deliver, transfer, or otherwise dispose of a firearms for, or on behalf of the trust.

The important part here, is that if your trust gives the power to receive, or possess (hold or use) a firearm regulated by the NFA, those individuals will be considered a responsible person under 41F and be subject to CLEO notification and the other requirements.

In a gun trust a beneficiary or successor trustee would not normally be considered a Responsible person, but in many of gun trusts I have reviewed, the trust permits beneficiaries or others named in a trust or will or separate document to have possession and use the firearms.  These people, in my opinion, would be responsible persons under the the  Definition found in 27 CFR 479.11

The ATF has indicated that if a trust references another document, schedule or exhibit it will need to be submitted along with the trust when the application to make or transfer a NFA firearm is submitted. (After 180 days)

Some lower priced Gun Trusts seem to refer to beneficiaries named in your will or some other document outside of the trust.  This would mean that you would have to submit your will  or the other documents along with your trust for approval.  If you do not have a will, your trust may not be valid or your application may not be approved.  If your Gun Trust names another document for your beneficiaries, you may want to amend your trust to list your beneficiaries.

As additional form are released by the ATF, we will update our example pages and provide instructions and examples on how to fill out the forms.  Links to the current forms for a Form 1, 3, 5, 20 and other useful information on additional configurations and engraving can be found on https://www.guntrustlawyer.com/signing

This rule adds a new section to 27 CFR part 479 to address the possession and transfer of NFA items registered to a decedent but this does little other than to codify how the ATF previously dealt with estates.  To learn more about Gun Trusts from a Gun Trust Lawyer® complete the information request at the top right of this page.

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